Sharjah is located along the northern coast of the Persian Gulf lying on the Arabian Peninsula. It is the 3rd largest city in the UAE and is the only emirate to have both the coastlines, of Arabian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. Sharjah was once part of a single emirate along with Ras Al Khaimah ruled by the Al Qawasim family. H.H. Sheikh Sultan bin Mohammed Al Qassimi took over as Ruler in 1972 - a scholar in History, he has been conferred with a PhD (Doctorate in Philosophy) for his outstanding work.


Sharjah's salt mines constituted an important part of its export business, along with pearls. Under the leadership of Sheikh Sultan bin Mohammed Al Qasimi, the emirate has become the cultural and educational centre of the UAE and takes pride in preserving the country's cultural heritage as well as promoting Arab culture and traditions. Sharjah is the cultural capital of all the emirates and shares legal, political, military and economic functions with the other emirates of the UAE within a federal framework. The sale or consumption of alcoholic beverages is prohibited in the emirate of Sharjah without possession of an alcohol licenses.